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从保护生态的角度推进水电开发!水电开发进入战略目标调整期
来源:中国电力报 时间:2020-06-24 字体:[ ]

中国体彩网JIEZHI2019NIANDI,WOGUOYIJIANSHUIDIANZHUANGJI3.56YIQIANWA(QIZHONGCHOUSHUIXUNENGYUE3000WANQIANWA),ZHUANGJIGUIMOZHANJISHUKEKAIFALIANGDE47.5%。MUQIAN,WOGUOSHUIDIANJISHUKEKAIFALIANG6.87YIQIANWA、NIANFADIANLIANGYUE3WANYIQIANWASHI,XINANZHAN69.3%、XIBEIZHAN9.65%。

“中国水电的新目标就是:生态、防灾、发电、水资源综合利用。”中国水力发电工程学会杨永江在座谈会上谈道:“水电开发对于保障水、粮食、能源、生态、国土等安全,形成人与自然和谐共生的物质基础具有重要意义。”

水电水利规划设计总院院长郑声安在座谈会上介绍,按照生态文明建设的要求,正在编制的“十四五”相关规划,对于水电发展更加强调了生态环境的保护问题。记者注意到,在《能源生产和消费革命战略(2016-2030)》中对于水电开发的表述是:“创新开发模式,统筹水电开发经济效益、社会效益和环境效益。”“在生态优先前提下积极有序推进大型水电基地建设,因地制宜发展中小型水电站,大力推进抽水蓄能电站建设。”

中国体彩网“SHENGYUYUE3.5YIQIANWASHUIDIANZIYUAN,ZHUYAOJIZHONGZAIXIBUQINGZANGGAOYUANBIANYUANDENUJIANG、LANCANGJIANG、JINSHAJIANG、YALONGJIANG、DADUHEHEHUANGHESHANGYOU、ZHANGJIANGSHANGYOU、YALUZANGBUJIANGDENGLIUYU。”YANGYONGJIANGBIAOSHI,QINGZANGGAOYUANYUNZANGLESHIJIESHANGZUIFENGFUDESHUINENGZIYUAN,WEIYISHUIDIANWEIXIANDAODAIDONGSHUIZIYUANZONGHEKAIFACHUANGZAOLETIAOJIAN。“QINGZANGGAOYUANDONGYUANDEXINANZHUHEDAIKAIFAGUIMOGAODA1.3YIQIANWA,XIZANGJIANGSHIWOGUOSHUIDIANKAIFADEZHONGDIAN。”

建设生态屏障呼唤水电开发

SHUIDIANZHANDUIXIUFUHEGAISHANLUSHENGSHENGTAIZUOYONGJUDA,YIJIANCHENGDEYIZUOZUOSHUIDIANZHANYANYIZHELVSHUIQINGSHANDEMEILITUJING。WOGUODIYIZUOZIZHUSHEJI、JIANSHEDEXINANJIANGSHUIDIANZHANHUOXUBUBEIGONGZHONGSHUXI,DANQUEYIBEI“QIANDAOHU”SUOTIDAI;YALONGJIANGSHANGYIJINGJIANCHENGDEERTANSHUIDIANZHAN,SHIZHIBEIXISHUDEGANREHEGUBIANCHENGGUOJIAJISENLINGONGYUAN;HUANGHEYUANSHUIDIANZHANJIANCHENGXUSHUITAISHENGDIXIASHUIWEI,ZAIHUANGHEYUANSHAMOZHONGXINGCHENGSHUQIANGEYUEYAQUANDEQIGUAN,ZHENZHENGSHI“SHAMOBIANLVZHOU”。

JUYANGYONGJIANGFENXI,QINGZANGGAOYUANGUODUDAIHAIBA1000-4000MI,SHENGTAIMINGAN、DIZAIPINFA,SHUIDIANKAIFASHUNYINGLEHELIUZIRANJIETIHUAGUOCHENG、XIAOCHULEHELIUPOHUAILI、JIANSHAOLEHUAPODUJIANGDENGDIZHIZAIHAI,QIDAOYU“YUDIBA”、“TITIAN”BAOCHISHUITUHESHANTIWENDINGDELEISIZUOYONG。TONGGUOSHUIDIAN“LIUYU、TIJI、GUNDONG、ZONGHE”KAIFA,“SHUITA”ZHUANGSHANG“KAIGUAN”,DIAOJIEYOUXIANDESHUIZIYUAN,LAIMANZUSHENGCHAN、SHENGHUO、SHENGTAIDEXUYAO,SHIXIANJINGJI、SHEHUI、SHENGTAIDEKECHIXUFAZHAN。

“水电开发对生态环境影响具有多层次、多过程、跨尺度的复杂性,而目前缺乏科学全面的量化评价方法。”中国水力发电工程学会的课题报告建议:“在青藏高原水电开发进程中,将梯级水电开发的生态效应作为重要的维度引入规划设计阶段,不仅可以减少水电对生态环境的负面影响,更可以提高水电开发对河流生态系统的调控与调度功能,从而将水电开发被动影响生态的刻板印象扭转为主动保护和修复生态。”

“SHUIDIANJUYOUFANGHONG、HANGYUN、GONGSHUI、GUANGAI、SHENGTAI、LVYOUDENGJINGJI、SHEHUI、HUANJINGXIAOYI,XUYAOZAISHEJIJIEDUANJIUJINXINGQUANXITONGKAOLV,JIZHISHANGYAOCHUANGXIN,YAOJIEHEZHINENGHUAFAZHANXINGSHI,ZUODAOQUANJUXITONGZUIYOU。”ZHONGGUOGONGCHENGYUANYUANSHIWANGHAOZAIZUOTANHUISHANGZHICHU。ZAIWANGHAOKANLAI,SHUIDIANDEXUNENGQIANLIHENDA,YOUDAISHENRUWAJUE。TAJIANYITUIJINTIJISHUIKUDE“QUANTIJIDIAODU”,“YONGDUOYUDEFENGDIAN、GUANGDIANCHOUSHUI,RANGSHUIDAOLIU”,CHONGFENFAHUISHUIDIANZHANDEXUNENGZUOYONG。

XIANGGUANZHUANJIAJIANYI,SHENRUYANJIUGESHUIDIANJIDITIJISHUIKUQUNDUIJUDIQIHOU、SHENGTAIXITONGYINGXIANGDEJIQUNXIAOYING,LIANGHUABUTONGBAXING、KURONG、SHUIWEI、SHUIMIANMIANJIDENGTIAOJIANXIATIJISHUIKUQUNKONGZHIHEYINGXIANGDEKONGJIANFANWEIJICHENGDU,CONGERKEYIDUILIUYUSHUIDIANKAIFATONGCHOUGUIHUA,WEIZUIDAHUASHUIDIANJIDIJIANSHEDUIQINGZANGGAOYUANSHENGTAIBAOHUZUOYONGTIGONGKEXUEYIJUHEJICHU。

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